About the National Security Council
Every state has to take all the necessary precautions against the potential threats to its existence, survival and security. Due to this necessity, states seek to determine the challenges and opportunities through monitoring regional and global environments and establish national security systems which embrace the processes and elements of formulation and implementation of national policies providing the most appropriate responses to these challenges and opportunities.
The first step taken by Turkey for a National Security Council system was the foundation by a decree in 1933 of the Supreme Defense Assembly which was assigned with national mobilization issues. In the way towards today’s status, the said establishment has passed through various changes parallel to the evolving perceptions of security and lastly has been subject to constitutional and legal amendments within the framework of Turkey’s European Union membership process. Currently under the name of “National Security Council” (NSC), it is the supreme coordination board which meets once every two months on a constitutional platform. Council meetings provide an opportunity to exchange views and debate on the national security issues at the highest level.
The NSC, under the chairmanship of the President, is composed of the Prime Minister, the Commander of the Turkish Armed Forces, Deputy Prime Ministers, the Ministers of Justice, National Defense, the Interior and Foreign Affairs, the Commanders of the Land, Naval and Air Forces and the General Commander of the Gendarmerie.
Depending on the agenda, concerned ministers and individuals can also be invited to the meetings of the Council for consultations.
In the absence of the President, the NSC is headed by the Prime Minister.